The 2002 Bali bombings, an attack perpetrated by the Al-Qaeda-linked Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) terrorist network that killed 202 civilians, was a pivotal moment for Southeast Asia’s militant landscape. Since the bombings, the largest terrorist attack recorded to date in Indonesia, Islamist-linked terrorism has become a major regional security concern. And galvanised Southeast Asian governments to intensify counter-terrorism (CT) capacity-building, transnational cooperation and intelligence sharing.