Climate Change, Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management
The Centre is now deepening its research on climate change in the ASEAN region by examining climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction policies and practices particularly in disaster prone countries: Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar. This is a new programme in the NTS Centre that will be one of our core research areas from 2016 onwards. The overall objective of this programme is to understand the trajectories of rising trends in losses and damages from natural disasters despite adaptive measures implemented in ASEAN Member States.
Core Research Areas
- Understanding the regional ‘risk context’ by collating evidence of risks and vulnerability and their trends in SEA (e.g. existing data and information on risks and vulnerability)
- Auditing climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction policies by collating and analysing existing policies; identifying gaps in policies and implementation
- Collecting data on national budget capacity for disaster reduction and emergency management
- Collecting and collating existing initiatives (projects and programmes) at local, national, and regional levels (e.g. a database on climate change adaptation or disaster risk reduction projects in ASEAN by non-state actors as well as local and national and international actors)
- Creating risk indicators to quantitatively support the analysis.
In addition to analysing the relation between climate change and adaptation and disaster risk management, the Centre also looked into other relevant aspects including the role of cities, urban resilience, climate financing, and transboundary environmental implications.
One of the hallmark programmes of the NTS Centre, this research now falls under the Climate Change theme.
Climate change implies risks to food production and food security given changing temperatures and less stable access to water. For smallholder agricultural communities, farming is becoming a less reliable source of food and income, driving some to hunger or even displacement. Cities, where two-thirds of the world population are expected to reside by 2050, are increasingly vulnerable as they source most of their food from rural areas or abroad. Weather disturbances create the risk that food shipments are disrupted, while volatility in global food prices could make food economically inaccessible. This line of research dives deep into the impact of climate on food security, and explores the opportunities for urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) and agricultural innovation as means to address these challenges. Concrete activities include:
- Collating and analysing best practices for how UPA can improve the resilience of cities as well as help achieve related long-term development goals (e.g. employment, poverty, food security);
- Identifying relevant technologies that address the needs of particular UPA production systems;
- Analysing factors in policy environments that enable or restrict these technologies from springing forth; and,
- Providing recommendations for how UPA can be incorporated into urban planning, moving forward.
The Centre has previously worked on food security research focusing on three key areas; the impact of climate change on food production and availability; the dynamics of food stocks in a changing regional environment and dynamic modelling of food availability in Singapore. The project entailed the development of dynamic systemic models of food availability for Singapore, with models for pork, rice, chicken, eggs, vegetables and fish.
The S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) and the World Agricultural Forum, jointly organised the World Agricultural Forum (WAF) Conference 2017 in Singapore, themed “Solving the Triple Challenge to Agriculture: Trade, New Technologies and Food Security”. The Conference, which took place from 6-7 July 2017, provided a global platform for dialogue on how Governments, the Private Sector and Non-Governmental Organisations can better prepare for the future of agriculture and food trade in Asia. As a parallel affair, RSIS, together with the Kranji Countryside Association, co-organised the WAF 2017 Youth Engagement Event. This event brought together students from Junior Colleges and Tertiary Institutions in Singapore. Topics discussed included : “Agriculture in the Digital Age”; “Future Food”; and “Agriculture and You”. The Conference proceedings are accessible here.
Climate Change, Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management
- Margareth Sembiring and Jonatan A. Lassa, International Disasters in Asia Pacific: Indonesia’s Civil-Military Responses, RSIS Commentaries, 12 July 2016.
- Margareth Sembiring, Climate Change, Disaster Risk Reduction and Gender: The Southeast Asia Experience, RSIS Commentaries, 13 May 2016.
- Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul and Maxim Shrestha. “Liveability and Sustainability: the Core of Singapore’s Climate Diplomacy with Cities.” Environment, Conflict and Cooperation, 30 April 2016.
- Serina Rahman, Combatting Climate Change: Involving Indigenous Communities, RSIS Commentaries, 26 April 2016.
- Mely Caballero-Anthony and Jonatan A. Lassa, El Nino: Coping with the New Normal, RSIS Commentaries, 20 April 2016.
- Jonatan A. Lassa, The West Sumatra Earthquakes: Not Learning Our Lessons?, RSIS Commentaries, 26 March 2016.
- Maxim Shrestha, COP 21 and the Paris Agreement: Achievement or Half Measure?, RSIS Commentaries, 05 February 2016.
- Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul and Maxim Shrestha. “Giving Cities a Say in Climate Talks.” New Straits Times. 24 March 2015.
- Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul and Maxim Shreshta. A Tale of Cities: Local Champions for Global Action. RSIS Commentaries, 17 March 2015.
- Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul and Maxim Shrestha. “Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific Congress: An Avenue for Climate Diplomacy by Cities.” Environment, Conflict and Cooperation, 11 February 2015.
- Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul and Alistair D.B. Cook. Networked Resilience: Moving the Asia-Pacific Forward. RSIS Commentaries, 22 April 2014.
- J Jackson Ewing and Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul . “Is s 2015 the New Copenhagen? How the UN Process on Climate Change Risks Falling into Faulty Patterns.” In Today, January 22, 2013.
NTS Policy Briefs
- Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul and Sofiah Jamil. Communities and Critical Infrastructure: Opportunities for Reinforcing Resilience. NTS Policy Brief. 1 August 2014.
- J Jackson Ewing and Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul. Advancing urban resilience in the face of environmental change. NTS Issues Brief. May 2013.
- Sofiah Jamil and Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul. Community resilience and critical urban infrastructure: Where adaptive capacities meet vulnerabilities. NTS Insight. December 2013.
- J Jackson Ewing and Gianna Gayle Amul. Financing climate adaptation in the Asia-Pacific: Avoiding flawed aid paradigms. NTS Insight. May 2013.
- Gianna Gayle Herrera Amul. The Green Climate Fund. NTS Alert. November 2012.
- Mely Caballero-Anthony, Paul Teng and Jonatan Anderias Lassa, The Future of Rice Security Under Climate Change, Policy Reports, July 2016
- Paul Teng and Andrew McConville, Agriculture and ASEAN Economies: Still Key for Growth, RSIS Commentaries, 26 May 2016.
- Jose Ma. Luis P. Montesclaros and Mely Caballero-Anthony, Food Prices: A Double-edged Sword, RSIS Commentaries, 16 May 2016.
- Paul S. Teng, Food Security Now: New Norm or False Dawn?, RSIS Commentaries, 5 May 2016.
- Goh Tian and Jonatan Anderias Lassa, Plankton Bloom: Keeping Fish Farms Sustainable, RSIS Commentaries, 13 March 2015.
- Goh Tian and Jonatan Anderias Lassa, Netting more ways to keep fish farms sustainable, The Straits Times, 10 March 2015.
- Jose Ma. Luis P. Montesclaros, It’s Not the Size, But How It’s Used: Lesson for ASEAN Rice Reserves, RSIS Commentaries, 9 March 2015.
- Jonatan Anderias Lassa and Adhi Priamarizki, Jokowi’s Food Sovereignty Narrative: Military in the Rice Land?, RSIS Commentaries, 27 February 2015.
- Jonatan Anderias Lassa, Brunei’s Vision 2035: Can It Achieve Food Self-Sufficiency?, RSIS Commentaries, 17 February 2015.
- Tamara Nair, A Food Secure Asia by 2025: Addressing Vulnerable Groups, RSIS Commentaries, 30 January 2015.
- Goh Tian and Jonatan Anderias Lassa, Get Read for Future Food Crisis in Food Production in Southeast Asia, The Jakarta Post, 17 January 2015.
- Jonatan Anderias Lassa and Goh Tian, Agriculture and fisheries after the tsunami, The Jakarta Post, 30 December 2014.
- Jonatan Anderias Lassa and Maxim Shrestha, WTO Breakthrough on Stockpiles: Sustaining Food Security, RSIS Commentaries, 11 December 2014.
- Jonatan Anderias Lassa and Maxim Shrestha, Food Sovereignty Discourse in Southeast Asia: Helpful or Disruptive?, RSIS Commentaries, 20 November 2014.
- Jonatan Anderias Lassa and Maria C. S. Morales, Asian food security under +2 and +4ºC climate change: IPCC assessment report 2014, The Jakarta Post, 17 July 2014.
- John Jackson Ewing, Indonesia’s Growing Aversion to Food Imports: Foolish or Foresighted?, Food Industry Asia, 27 May 2014.
- Paul Teng, ASEAN Countries Threaten Food Security by Not Working Closely Enough, The Nation, 2 May 2014.
- Jurise Athena Oliveros and Paul Teng, Food Security Post-Calamity: A Chronic Dilemma, RSIS Commentaries, 4 February 2014.
- Paul Teng, Food Security: What It Means for a Food-Importing Country, RSIS Commentaries, 4 December 2013.
- Belinda Chng, Southeast Asia’s Food Security Challenge: More than ‘Stock’ Solution Needed, RSIS Commentaries, 4 October 2013.
- John Jackson Ewing and Zhang Hongzhou and, China as the World’s Largest Rice Importer: Regional Implications, RSIS Commentaries, 12 September 2013.
- Barry Desker, The Rising Challenge of Food Security, RSIS Commentaries, 29 August 2013.
- Paul Teng and Maria Carmencita S. Morales, Rethinking Food Security: Robustness as a Paradigm for Stability, RSIS Commentaries, 19 June 2013.
- Zhang Hongzhou, China’s Food Security: From Self-Sufficiency to a Dual Strategy, RSIS Commentaries, 14 March 2013.
Year In Review
- Jonatan Anderias Lassa, The Rise of Food Sovereignty in Southeast Asia, RSIS Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Year In Review 2014, Singapore: RSIS, 2014 pp. 12-15.
- Tamara Nair, Securing Food for the Vulnerable, RSIS Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Year In Review 2014, Singapore: RSIS, 2014 pp. 34-35.
- Belinda Chng, Binding Chains of ASEAN Food Security, RSIS Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Year In Review 2013, Singapore: RSIS, 2013 pp. 12-15.
- RSIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies, 2nd Expert Group Meeting on the Impact of Climate Change on Food Security (14-15 May 2015), Singapore.
- RSIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies, International Conference on Asian Food Security (ICAFS) 2014. Towards Asia 2025: Policy and Technology Imperatives (21-22 August 2014), Conference Report, Singapore.
- RSIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies, Expert Group Meeting on the Impact of Climate Change on ASEAN Food Security (6-7 June 2013), Report, Manila
- RSIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies, Expert Group Meeting on the ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Opportunities and Challenges for Food Security (3-4 June 2013), Report, Manila
- RSIS Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies, Metro Agriculture and Urban Food Security: An Explicative Symposium with Global Innoversity (5 September 2013), Report, Singapore
- Mely Caballero-Anthony, Paul Teng, Tamara Nair and Maxim Shrestha, Public Stockpiling of Rice in Asia Pacific, NTS Policy Reports , Singapore: Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, 11 April 2016.
- Mely Caballero-Anthony, Paul Teng, Maxim Shrestha, Tamara Nair and Jonatan Anderias Lassa, Public Stockpiling and Food Security, NTS Policy Brief , Singapore: Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, 2015.
- Paul Teng, Mely Caballero-Anthony, Goh Tian and Jonatan Anderias Lassa, Impact of Climate Change on Food Production: Options for Importing Countries, NTS Policy Brief, Singapore: Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, 2015.
- Tamara Nair and Jonatan Anderias Lassa, Investment, Innovation, Integration – Pathways to a Food Secure Asia by 2025, NTS Policy Brief , Singapore: Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, 2015.
- Paul Teng and Maria C. S. Morales, Food Security Robustness: A Driver of Enhanced Regional Cooperation?, NTS Policy Brief , Singapore: Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, 2014 .
- John Jackson Ewing and Maria C. S. Morales, Impact of climate change on ASEAN food security, NTS Issues Brief , Singapore: Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, 2013
- Mely Caballero-Anthony, Paul Teng and Belinda Chng, ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) 2015: Opportunities and Challengse for Food Security, NTS Policy Brief , Singapore: Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, 2013.
- Nair, T. 2015. The Rohingyas of Myanmar and the biopolitics of hunger, Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development,
- Teng, P., Caballero-Anthony, M. , Lassa, J. and Nair, T. 2015. Towards Asia 2025: policy and technology imperatives. Summary of the main findings of the second international conference on Asian food security held in Singapore on 21–22 August 2014. Food Security, Vol 7, Issue 1. 2015
- Teng, P. and Escaler M. 2014. Food security in Asia. In Hofmeiser, Rueppel and Wong “Food Security: the role of Asia and Europe in production, trade and regionalism.” KAS, EAI and European Center Singapore and European Policy Center. pp. 11-36.
- Ewing, J. and Sandra Silvast 2014. Regionalism and food market interventions: Lessons from ASEAN and the EU. In Hofmeiser, Rueppel and Wong “Food Security: the role of Asia and Europe in production, trade and regionalism. KAS, EAI and European Center Singapore and European Policy Center. pp. 103-118.
- Ewing J. Jackson. 2013. Supermarkets, iron buffalos and agrarian myths: exploring the drivers and impediments to food systems modernisation in Southeast Asia, The Pacific Review, Vol 26, Issue 5, pp.481-503
Last updated on 22/02/2018