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Offensive Defence: India’s Strategic Responses to the Rise of China
Dr Anit Mukherjee Associate Professor and Deputy Head of Graduate Studies
Dr Anit Mukherjee
This co-authored book chapter, to be published in a Handbook on India-China relations, focuses on the Indian military and its strategy vis-à-vis China. More specifically it argues that India has gradually shifted its military strategy from a defensive to an offensive posture. The chapter begins with a historical analysis of India’s military strategy against China from the 1962 war to the end of the Cold War. During this time, the focus was primarily on “deterrence by denial”—which meant that the forces were largely defensive in their orientation. Next it examines a shift in the military strategy to “deterrence by punishment”, which was in response to China’s rapid military modernisation and infrastructure development. Currently, the Indian military has a much more offensive posture along the China border and in the maritime domain. The penultimate section examines the interaction between the conventional and the nuclear strategy and India’s overall nuclear posture towards Beijing.
|Theme:||Conflict and Stability / Country and Region Studies / International Politics and Security|