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The Persistence of Terrorism in Pakistan: An Analysis of Domestic and Regional Factors
Mr Abdul Basit Research Fellow
Mr Abdul Basit
Since the Peshawar Army Public School attack in December 2014, Pakistan has come a long way in its fight against terrorism. Both terrorist incidents and casualties have declined significantly across Pakistan. Yet, the twin challenge of extremism and terrorism persists due to the unbalanced counter-terrorism framework. Though Pakistan has made a significant progress against the terrorist threat, at the operational level, the structural factors of terrorism remain unaddressed. Against this backdrop, this chapter analyses the current status and future of terrorism in Pakistan, arguing that terrorism is likely to persist as a long-term low-intensity threat due to the evolving geopolitical situation and the absence of non-kinetic counter-terrorism measures in the country’s internal security framework. Divided into two sections, the chapter first looks into Pakistan’s threat landscape and then examines the structural factors of violence.