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The Evolution of the Terrorism and Extremism Landscape in the Age of COVID-19
Dr Kumar Ramakrishna Associate Professor; and Provost’s Chair in National Security Studies and Associate Dean; Head of International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research; and Research Adviser to National Security Studies Programme
Dr Kumar Ramakrishna
This book chapter examines how the transnational terrorism and extremism landscape has evolved since the so-called religiously-inspired wave that emerged most forcefully with the Al Qaeda attacks in New York and Washington in September 2001, and more recently continued by the virulent Al Qaeda offshoot Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) from the mid-2010s onwards. The chapter will show how not just violent Islamist extremism, but other forms, such as the Extreme Right, have gained momentum in recent years. It will explore the complex, interconnected ideological ecosystems – comprising key religious and political ideologues, educational and religious institutions as well as social media – that have sustained both Islamist extremist and Extreme Right violence, before finally highlighting the key elements of the strategically dexterous approach needed for coping with such rapidly mutating threats.
|Theme:||Conflict and Stability / International Politics and Security / Terrorism Studies|
|Region:||Global / Southeast Asia and ASEAN|