1. JMD on NBN: External Powers and the Gulf Monarchies
2. US’s Iran Sanctions: Mixed Prospects and a Beyond-SWIFT Question
3. Black swans haunt Eurasia’s Great Game
4. Efforts to return Syria’s Assad to Arab fold amount to hollow victory for autocrats
5. The Strategic Significance of Manus Island for the U.S. Navy
6. US troop withdrawals threaten to fuel greater, potentially problematic Gulf assertiveness
7. Crackdown in Xinjiang: China and the Islamic world’s Achille Heel
8. Securing the Belt and Road
9. The Trouble With the Lancang Mekong Cooperation Forum
10. Stepped up US military posture in the Gulf threatens Indian hopes for Iran’s Chabahar port
11. Gulf rivalries spill onto the soccer pitch
12. Advancing ASEAN’s digital economy
13. Could Minilateralism Be Multilateralism’s Best Hope in the Asia Pacific?
14. Pravin Prakash and Juhi Ahuja. “Competing shades of saffron in Indian politics”, The Interpreter, Lowy Institute, December 13, 2018
15. Sumpter, Cameron & Wardhani Yuslikha, “Curbing radical sermons in Indonesia”, East Asia Forum, 12 December 2018.
16. Shifting Middle Eastern sands spotlight diverging US-Saudi interests
17. US Senate resolution potentially changes Middle East dynamics
18. Stopping dirty bombs in Southeast Asia
19. Sumantra Bose, “Secular States, Religious Politics, India, Turkey and the Future of Secularism”
20. JMD on NBN: Aasim Sajjad Akhtar’s The Politics of Common Sense
21. Royal Road Ahead: Saudi Prince Leaves G20 Confident, Turning Corner After Khashoggi Affair
22. Saudi diplomatic offensive seeks to put Khashoggi behind it and thwart Qatar
23. Pence in Southeast Asia: Ways forward for U.S.-ASEAN cooperation on infrastructure development
24. Understanding the Perceptions of Meritocracy Among Singaporean Youth
25. Nuclear energy; Saudi Arabia’s coming Washington battle
26. Chinese consulate attack puts Pakistan between a rock and a hard place
27. Prashant Waikar, “Mahathir renews Malaysia’s love affair with Japan,” The Diplomat, November 24, 2018.
28. G20 push to reform SOEs
29. The Khashoggi crisis: (Re)Shaping US politics as well as relations with Saudi Arabia
30. “Terus berusaha tangkis naratif IS demi hindar masyarakat dari keliru” in Wacana.
31. Season of Gridlock Ahead, But Not for US Policy on Asia
32. Saudi sports diplomacy: A mirror image of the kingdom’s already challenged policies
33. Are Aircraft Carriers Still Relevant?
34. Is the ASEAN Getting Regional Security Right?
35. Learning from South Korea: How Artificial Intelligence can Transform US Export Controls
36. The Quad as an enabler of regional security cooperation
37. Thailand’s 2019 election: what’s in it for regional economic integration?
38. Explaining the Proliferation of China’s Drones
39. The Khashoggi crisis: Saudi Arabia braces for tougher post-election US attitude
40. Strange bedfellows: Ideology trumps defense of ethnic, religious and minority rights
41. Taiwan’s cruise missile deterrent strategy
42. As South China Sea Tensions Rise, China’s Participation in ASEAN Naval Exercise Raises Hope of Calmer Waters
43. The Khashoggi crisis: Putting Humpty Dumpty back together
44. Delegitimizing The Radicals’ Call for Hijrah
45. Saudi Arabia and Iran: When it comes to exiles, the pot calls the kettle black
46. Reforming the Faith: Indonesia’s battle for the soul of Islam
47. Can Jokowi Maintain His Electoral Integrity?
48. Lessons from War of the Worlds, 80 years on
49. State Defense Program: Mental Revolution or Militarization?
50. Small States and the Sino-US Battle for AI Supremacy
51. The Khashoggi Crisis: A blessing in disguise for Pakistan’s Imran Khan
52. Joseph Franco. “ASEAN must adapt its approach to Marawi”, East Asia Forum (23 October 2018)
53. MbS: For better or for worse?
54. A gruesome murder bares world powers’ flawed policies
55. Khashoggi crisis highlights why investment in Asia is more productive than in the Middle East
56. S’pore’s ADMM chairmanship: Aiming high for regional security in turbulent times
57. A First: China, EU Launch New Combined Military Exercise
58. Coast Guard build-up: Taiwan’s approach to the South China Sea
59. Turkey plays Khashoggi crisis to its geopolitical advantage
60. MbS: Riding roughshod or playing a risky game of bluff poker?
61. Kazakh court case tests Chinese power
62. ASEAN’s Limited Role in Solving the Rohingya Crisis
63. How Hawaii Handles Hurricane Lane Holds Lessons For Singapore
64. Jamal Khashoggi rejiggers the Middle East at potentially horrible cost
65. Violent Extremism And Its Continuum
66. Remodelling the Belt and Road: Pakistan picks up the torch
67. Increase the Carrier Air Wing Size
68. With their backs against the wall, UMNO leaders double down on the race card
69. சமுதாயத்தின் ஒற்றுமையை நிலைநிறுத்த நம்மால் முடியும் [We can Maintain Our Social Harmony]
70. Pakistani poker: Playing Saudi Arabia against China
71. Achieving religious harmony in a world of fear and populism
72. Journalist’s disappearance challenges fragile Middle Eastern pragmatism
73. China’s Military Health Diplomacy
74. Compulsion in Religion, Saddam Hussein, Islam and the Roots of Insurgencies in Iraq by Samuel Helfont
75. Critical Thinking, A Needed Nutrition to Resist the Virus of Falsehoods
76. Fragility of Middle East alliances becomes ever more apparent
77. The Folly of US Intervention in Cambodia: What lessons from the Cold War should Washington heed?
78. Three issues to consider in drafting policies to tackle disinformation
79. Global watchdog takes Saudi Arabia to task for lax anti-terrorism finance measures
80. Battling it out at the UN: Potholes overshadow US-Iran confrontation
81. Attack in Iran raises spectre of a potentially far larger conflagration
82. Middle Eastern Black Swans dot China’s Belt and Road
83. Vostok 2018: Russia and China’s Diverging Common Interests
84. China Struggles with Belt and Road Pushback
85. Who will Save Hawker Food?
86. Three Challenges for ASEAN in Military’s Growing Role in Fighting Terror
87. Party vs Faith: China Drafts Restrictions for all Religions
88. Turkic Muslims: China and the Muslim World’s Achilles Heel
89. The battle for Idlib: A Potential Catch-22 for China
90. Redundancy and Risk Management: Lessons from Japan’s Disasters for Southeast Asian Infrastructure
91. Criticism of Saudi Leadership Seeps through Cracks as Report Questions Kingdom’s Utility for Britain
92. GLCs and patronage: Understanding Mahathir’s position on HSR and ECRL
93. Time To Rethink Our Expectations Of Immigrants And Where They Belong?
94. The Long Shadow of the Gulf crisis: Qatar Emerges as Key Player in Gaza Crisis
95. The Twists and Turns of HDB Flat Values
96. Madiha Afzal, Pakistan Under Siege, Extremism, Society and the State
97. Whither ASEAN centrality?
98. Self-fulfilling Prophecies: Chinese Fear Attacks by Uyghur Jihadists
99. Playing Politics with Religion: Imran Khan Puts Himself between a Rock and a Hard Place
100. MH370 Report is a Much Needed “Wake-up Call”
101. Is the Ground Sour? Time for the 4G Leaders to Tackle it
102. Crunch Time in Pakistan
103. Indo-Pacific: The next growth engine?
104. China’s Charm Offensive in the South China Sea
105. Regional Players Manoeuvre to Reengineer the Israeli Palestinian Landscape
106. Competition and Neutrality of Southeast Asian States in Indo-Pacific Strategy
107. The Indo-Pacific: Clarity, Inclusivity and ASEAN Centrality
108. The Truly Great Who Flew Above Us
109. Turkey’s financial crisis raises questions about China’s debt-driven development model
110. Pakistan at a crossroads as Imran Khan is sworn in
111. Why this Flurry of Smiles in China-India Ties?
112. Xinjiang and the Stability Paradox
113. Amid ethnic protests, Iran warns of foreign meddling
114. Countering ‘Smart’ Terrorists Who Use Online Gaming Platforms
115. The Uyghur militant threat: China cracks down and mulls policy changes
116. Yemen war challenges Saudi moral authority
117. Myths and Realities of Indonesian-Malaysian “Blood Brotherhood”
118. New Opportunities for EU-Japan Defense Relations
119. Saudi Arabia and Iran woo incoming Pakistani prime minister
120. Is ASEAN defence diplomacy key to resolving the humanitarian situation in Myanmar?
121. Multiple diplomatic spats raise questions about Saudi concept of sovereignty
122. Singapore Needs to Get Smarter about Digital World
123. Can the US make Iran sanctions stick?
124. Big power competition in the Eastern Mediterranean: Is Trump missing the point?
125. China and Asean: Big gains from a simple maritime exercise
126. Talking to Rouhani: Is Trump shooting from the hip or following a script?
127. Despite concerns, China sees a potential ally in Pakistan’s Imran Khan
128. Lack of global leadership spurs instability in the Middle East
129. A Korean peninsula with no demilitarised zone?
130. Saudi oil shipment halt: A potential watershed in the Yemen war
131. China’s policies spur Central Asians to cautiously chart independent course
132. Securing Xinjiang: China adds security component to Belt and Road initiative
133. Understanding Najib’s vocal stance on the new govt, 1MDB case
134. Saudi-UK media tie-up: Targeting the non-Arabic-speaking Middle East
135. A double-edged sword: China and Pakistan link up with fibreoptic cable
136. Women, Peace and Security in ASEAN
137. Russian Hackers: The shadowy world of US and Gulf hacks just got murkier
138. Franco, Joseph. “Philippines: Addressing Islamist Militancy after the Battle for Marawi” International Crisis Group, 17 July 2018
139. Joseph Franco. “Philippines: Addressing Islamist Militancy after the Battle for Marawi” International Crisis Group (17 July 2018)
140. New violence against Muslims in Sri Lanka has old roots
141. Revolution and Evolution: Supra-Nationalism and Pragmatism in Iran’s Foreign Policy
142. The Rajini Show
143. Government can Do More to Increase Housing Choices
144. Malaysian election result puts Singapore’s security at a crossroads
145. Pakistani elections spotlight the country’s contradictory policies
146. Space Insecurity: Implications for Non-Spacefaring States
147. ASEAN nations must talk so that their labourers can walk
148. Children and Family Terrorism
149. Xinjiang: Pan-Turkism fuels China’s hearts-and-minds campaign
150. Sumpter, Cameron. “Returning Indonesian Extremists: Unclear Intentions and Unprepared Responses”. Policy Brief, International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT), 12 July 2018.
151. Thailand’s Political Dynamics and the Consequences for Regional Economic Integration- East West Center
152. Xinjiang: China ignores lessons from the past
153. Contesting Visions of Regional Order in East Asia: A Japanese Perspective
154. Whither Wahhabism?
155. Pakistan’s financial crisis puts Belt and Road on the spot
156. Salafism in Lebanon: Local and Transnational Movements
157. Combatting political violence: Pakistan’s determination is put to the test
158. Commentary: New Cabinet line-up gives Malaysian politics a boost, amid questions of power sharing
159. Managing fisheries in the South China Sea’s troubled waters
160. The battle for Iran: Policy or regime change?
161. Saudi religious diplomacy targets Jerusalem
162. Targeted Advertising: Implications for National Security
163. Football and VAR: For Better or For Worse?
164. The Middle East: History threatens to repeat itself
165. The next Pacific war: Lessons from Wake Island for the PLA
166. Shooting oneself in ones’s own foot: Pakistan’s failed effort to evade terrorism finance listing
167. Postrevolutinary Iran
168. Security Implications of China’s Rising Appetite for Seafood
169. Iran’s Chabahar port is where Asian and Middle Eastern rivalries collide
170. Fake News and India’s Democracy
171. The Four Challenges of the Belt and Road.
172. Will the Malaysian civil service work with the new Pakatan government?
173. Malaysian-Saudi relations: A lesson in the pitfalls of authoritarianism and autocracy
174. Indonesian Muslim leader signals global shifts in meetings with Pence and Netanyahu
175. Eurasianism wins in Turkey even if ideologue loses election
176. Crowdsourcing terror in Indonesia
177. The Saudi-Moroccan spat: Competing for the mantle of moderate Islam
178. Morocco may have lost the World Cup but could lead the way in protest
179. Time for Singapore and Malaysia to Discard Old Stereotypes
180. Israel adopts abandoned Saudi sectarian logic
181. HUMTECH: A Help or Hindrance in Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination?
182. Saudi Arabia drags geopolitical baggage on to the World Cup pitch
183. Whither the Kurds?
184. Why The Trump-Kim Summit Matters To The Average Singaporean
185. Malaysia’s new dawn, one month on
186. Parallels between Turkish soccer and general elections could prove uncanny
187. How Singapore keeps terror at bay
188. Saudi effort to isolate Iran internationally produces results
189. Insurgents in southern Thailand aren’t jihadists
190. Israel scores painful own goal in run-up to the World Cup
191. Making sense of the Malaysian civil service swing in election
192. Jordanian protests: Revisiting the Arab Spring and setting a benchmark
193. Commentary: Blurred Lines and New Means – Terrorism’s Alarming New Dimensions
194. King Abdullah of Jordan: Balancing on an ever-tighter tightrope
195. 2018 World Cup potentially set to become latest Middle Eastern battlefield
196. Ministers, Please Speak Plainly to the People
197. Politicizing Education: Israel and Myanmar set worrisome precedent
198. Mahathir’s reforms could put Saudi Arabia and the UAE on the spot
199. How much solidarity with Iran can the China-led Shanghai Cooperation Organization afford?
200. 2018 World Cup offers Chechnya opportunity to play Middle Eastern politics
201. Terror suspects’ riot in Jakarta underscores prison problems
202. Middle Eastern culture wars: The battle of the palates
203. Dodging UN and US designations: Hafez Saeed maintains utility for Pakistan and China
204. What to do with Pakistani militant Hafez Saeed? Pakistan and China grope for ambiguity
205. A new era of peace in Korean Peninsula?
206. Cybersecurity in Southeast Asia
207. The battle for the Iranian nuclear deal: China approaches a watershed
208. People Power Rules, But still Needs a Leader
209. Extremism in Indonesia is a family affair
210. Ex-Pakistani Prime Minister puts Pakistani military and China on the spot
211. What effect did social media have on the Malaysian election result?
212. Trump’s abrogation of Iran deal may put his America First policy to the test
213. Zi Yang, “China’s State Media is Going Global,” East Asia Forum, May 13, 2018.
214. A New Dawn in Malaysia
215. Middle Eastern rivalry spills onto Asian soccer pitches
216. Playing US sanctions: China walks a fine line in Iran
217. Commentary: To win over Johor voters, politicians compete to represent the Johor identity
218. Old Politics and New Media: Social Media and Malaysia’s 2018 Elections
219. Why it is unlikely that Sabah will swing to the opposition
220. Little men in black: The frogman threat in maritime hybrid warfare
221. Saudi Moroccan soccer spat symbolizes the Arab world’s new politics
222. Thinking Aloud: What Qualities Should a PM Have?
223. Commentary: Disqualification of opposition candidates strengthens Barisan Nasional’s chances in 2018
224. No knight in shining armour for CMIM- East Asia Forum
225. May 12: A potentially future-shaping day for the Middle East
226. Can’t we do away with ‘political tribalism’ – The Independent Observer
227. Gulf crisis escalates as major corporations are forced to take sides
228. Malaysian youth politics: Is there even such a thing
229. Shifting energy import patterns enhance China’s clout in the Middle East
230. The 32nd ASEAN Summit’s Economic Priorities And Implications For US-ASEAN Economic Relations – Asia Pacific Bulletin: East-West Center
231. Astronomy: The outer frontier of MbS’ liberalization
232. In defence of ADMM+
233. Syria, 14 April 2018: The great standoff weapons party
234. After the Moon-Kim Summit: A Time for Hope?
235. Geopolitics magnify sustained political violence in Balochistan
236. Malaysia’s Elections and the Anti-Fake News Act
237. The U.S.-Launched Trade War Affects Us All
238. Algerian controversy over Salafism puts government control of religion on the spot
239. Malaysia’s Election and Southeast Asia: Issues and Implications
240. Shanghai Dolly and the Long Arm of the Law
241. Saudi engagement in Iraq: The exception that confirms the rule?
242. Franco, Joseph. “Preventing Other ‘Marawis’” Policy Forum, 19 April 2018.
243. Moving Beyond Doklam in India-China Relations
244. The Saudi Export of Ultra-conservatism in the Era of MbS – an Update
245. Rolling back militancy: Bangladesh looks to Saudi in a twist of irony
246. Turning Qatar into an Island: Saudi cuts off its nose to spite its face
247. Why dissolution of Dr M’s party could hurt the opposition
248. The Rise, Fall, and Rise Again of the Politics of Middle Eastern Soccer
249. Will the Izumo-class be Japan’s aircraft carrier for the 21st century?
250. New boundaries, voter apathy and the slow erosion of democracy in Malaysia
251. Zi Yang, “Blinding the Enemy: How the PRC Prepares for Radar Countermeasures,” China Brief, April 09, 2018.
252. 4G Leaders Need to Find their Own Way to Forge Ties with People
253. Malaysia Election: A Black Swan, a Dark Horse, and an Elephant in the Room
254. Remembering Syria: Iran struggles with potentially explosive environmental crisis
255. Moderating Islam: Saudi Prince Mohammed walks on shaky ground
256. Why BN is trying to run down the opposition and discourage voters from turning up
257. China moves to counter violent and non-violent expressions of Uighur identity
258. Operation Coldstore and the perils of academic misinformation
259. Exclusionary preachers: Cause or symptom?
260. Stopping comms during a terror attack could be a game-changer
261. Zi Yang, “Are China’s Soldiers Psychologically Fit for Modern Wars?” The Diplomat, April 01, 2018.
262. Anticipated harder US policy towards Iran magnifies Iranian Arab protest
263. China’s Rise: Role of Two Defining Generations
264. Egyptian ultras: Down but not out
265. What to Make of Recurring Fears of Jihadism in Southern Thailand?
266. Will the real Pakistan stand up, please?
267. Disinformation and fake news: Old wine in new bottles
268. Natural gas: An underrated driver of Saudi hostility towards Iran and Qatar
269. Can Aquaculture Solve the Fishing Problems in the South China Sea?
270. Make Wine Not War: Wineism’s recipe for a sustainable political future
271. Zi Yang, “The Militarization of China’s People’s Armed Police,” Asia Times, March 25, 2018.
272. Islamophobia: A Thorn in Humanity’s Flesh
273. Saudi Prince Mohammed’s religious moderation unlikely to change Asian realities
274. Rebuilding trust in the global economic system
275. Saudi moderation: How far will Crown Prince Mohammed go?
276. Why Some in South-east Asia Still have Reservations about China’s Belt and Road Initiative
277. Shooting an Own Goal: China’s Belt and Road funding terms spark criticism
278. Inequality Looks Like This? Help!
279. The ‘Resource War’ in Kachin State
280. Countering Extremism: Jihadist Ideology Reigns Supreme
281. Countering youth radicalisation in Indonesia
282. More to Malaysia police’s questioning of Dr Mahathir’s wife than meets the eye
283. Pakistan struggles to get a grip on militancy and ultra-conservatism
284. Smoking and drinking: Churchill sets an example today’s Western leaders can learn from
285. Harrier or Joint Strike Fighter for Marines’ Expeditionary Advance Base Operations?
286. International soccer bodies ignore blatant rule violations in run-up to Egyptian election
287. Arabs leverage lucrative nuclear contracts to enhance security and keep options open
288. Rouhani’s visit a reality check for Iran-India relations
289. Smart Prisons Protect The Public And Rebuild Lives
290. MCA and DAP – A case of differing fortunes and challenges
291. MCA and DAP – A case of differing fortunes and challenges
292. The Middle East’s nuclear technology clock starts ticking
293. Aman Abdurrahman: Leading Indonesia’s Jihadists from Behind Bars
294. Time to embrace 4IR
295. China’s dilemma: Balancing support for militants with struggle against political violence
296. Exercise Cobra Gold Reflecting US Renewed Focus in Asia
297. Quad 2.0: Sense and Sensibilities
298. Singapore paving the way for greater regional security
299. Development projects cementing Singapore–Malaysia ties
300. Battleground Malaysia: China Extends Crackdown on Uyghurs Across Borders
301. Daniel Chua, ‘ASEAN and the Indo-Pacific in 2018’, Asia Pacific Pathways to Progress Foundation, Inc Commentaries., 20 February 2018, http://appfi.ph/resources/commentaries/1928-asean-and-the-indo-pacific-in-2018
302. Valentine’s Day pinpoints limits of Saudi prince’s Islamic reform effort
303. China’s step into the maelstrom of the Middle East
304. Expanding regional rivalries: Saudi Arabia and Iran battle it out in Azerbaijan
305. Surrendering a Brussels mosque: A Saudi break with ultra-conservatism?
306. Bangsamoro Peace Process Complicated by Philippine Politics
307. Bigger fish to fry than militias in the South China Sea
308. Chinese extradition request puts crackdown on Uyghurs in the spotlight
309. Neither doom nor gloom: A reflection on the coming general election
310. How China Can Benefit from Anti-Trump Sentiment in China
311. Politics of unified Korean flag at sports events
312. Crisis in the Maldives: A geopolitical chess game
313. Military’s regional role in counter-terrorism
314. What journalists get wrong about Islam
315. Asia’s dark underbelly: Conflicts threaten long-term stability and development
316. Double-edged sword: Opinion poll shows Trump’s Iran policy risks
317. ASEAN 2018: Towards Resilience and Innovation in Uncertain Times
318. Myanmar’s Challenging Path to Peace
319. Tackling Pakistani madrassas: An uphill struggle
320. Moderating Saudi Islam: Government proposes tightening fundraising rules
321. Policy Ramifications of Industry 4.0
322. How regional rivalries threaten to fuel the fire in Syria and Iran
323. What the taped execution of prisoners by a Singapore militant tells us
324. Cyber Threats: 2018 and Beyond
325. Kidnapping and ant-Shiite rhetoric stirs Malaysian debate about Saudi-inspired ultra-conservatism
326. Nurturing pool of talent
327. How might China fight a Sino-Indian naval war?
328. Testing Prince Mohammed’s pledge to return Saudi Arabia to moderate Islam
329. Hey Navy, LCS is too big to hide
330. Iran: Protests and threat of renewed sanctions focus economic thinking
331. Zi Yang, “The Ideology Behind China’s Fast-Changing Military,” The Diplomat, January 24, 2018.
332. How the differing fortunes of Malaysia’s Chinese-majority political parties could hurt the country
333. Whither Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s ‘moderate’ Islam?
334. Gulf crisis turns Qatar into the ‘region’s Israel’
335. Pakistan’s stance on militants alienated the US. Is China next?
336. Trump’s Roller-coaster of a First Year in Office
337. The Royal Navy’s new carriers might not be ‘supercarriers’ (but they can kill)
338. Chinese engineer’s disappearance takes on geopolitical significance
339. Sovereign wealth funds: Investment vehicles or political operators?
340. Gulf crisis expands into the Horn of Africa, and China sits in eye of the storm
341. Is Peace in Yemen Possible?
342. Pakatan’s seat allocations make sense, but is it enough to hurt BN?
343. Salafi mission calls into question Saudi concept of moderation and policy in Yemen
344. Iranian protests expose contours of leadership in the Muslim world
345. Saudi sports: The dark side of Crown Prince Mohammed’s reforms
346. Why neighbourhood policing is critical to preventing terrorism
347. Pakistani politics risk aggravating problems and heightening regional tension
348. Commentary: Radicalisation not a threat that can be flushed out
349. How to future-proof cyber security laws
350. Indonesian jihadism: increased intensity but familiar strategy
351. Tackling Transnational Crime with Mutual Legal Assistance
352. US-Saudi Nuclear Talks: A Middle East Barometer?
353. Why Mindefs move engage white hat hackers may pay off
354. If Trump and Saudi Arabia Tinker with Iran as it Teeters Towards Revolution….
355. Covert wars: Iran and Saudi Arabia revisit their strategies
356. Wahhabisme saoudien, wahhabisme qatari, trajectoires croisées
357. A game of chess: Gulf crisis expands into the Horn of Africa
358. Betting on the wrong horse? US and Iranian hardliners spin anti-government protests
359. Returning Islamic State Fighters: Lesson From JI’s Hijrah – Analysis
360. A defence of ADMM Plus
361. Iranian protests raise tricky questions for US and Saudi policymakers