Today, the security of state and non-state actors is increasingly complicated. Core security issues—focusing on the security of the state from the application of power by hostile actors—remains fundamental; however, the threats to states are today more diverse and take numerous forms. In addition, so-called non-traditional security issues—catastrophic climate change, resource scarcity, infectious diseases, to name but three—are gaining in importance in the security calculus of public and private actors. The core security mechanisms—the military and national security forces of the state—remain salient, but they are increasingly being complemented, if not replaced, by non-violent mechanisms of national security – global and regional multilateral institutions are experimenting with new techniques of dealing with conflict, such as preventive diplomacy, and humanitarian intervention.
Last updated on 01/04/2019